What are pronouns?
Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. Simply put, we use personal pronouns to speak about someone when they are not around or often in place of their name.
For example: Alex went to the cafe and she bought a coffee – ‘She’ is the personal pronoun in use.
We all use pronouns for ourselves and others, and these little words can indicate a lot about a person’s identity. Some people don’t give their pronouns much thought at all, while for others, pronouns can be a really important part of affirming one’s gender identity and expressing themselves to the world. Everyone gets to choose their own pronouns and to decide how they want to be referred to by others.
When you use a trans or gender diverse person’s correct pronouns, you are saying that you respect them and their identity. Using incorrect pronouns can be extremely harmful and hurtful, and shows a disregard for a person’s identity and experience. It’s ok to take some time to get used to a person’s pronouns, but it’s important that you make the effort to get them right.
The most common pronouns used in Australia are:
She/Her/Hers: Typically used by girls, women, or anyone else who would like these pronouns used for herself, regardless of her gender history.
He/Him/His: Typically used by boys, men, or anyone else who would like these pronouns used for himself, regardless of his gender history.
They/them/theirs: Typically gender neutral and used by people who are not exclusively male or female or anyone who would like these pronouns used for them, regardless of their gender history.
There are more than just these pronouns out there, depending on geographical location, language, culture, and someone’s identity. If you want more practice or to know more about pronouns, you can go to
Key tips for being a good ally
Respect the individual as the expert
Pronouns are different for each person. One non-binary person may use different pronouns to another non-binary person and that is fine. A woman or man may use they/them/theirs because it fits better and that’s fine too. Being an ally is all about respecting the individual as the expert and helping them to reinforce their pronouns to others.
Invite others to use their pronouns
Introducing yourself with your pronouns can be a great way to show that you’re an ally and invite others to do the same. You can include your pronouns on your name badge, business card, email signature, classroom whiteboard, office door, and anywhere else that you might introduce yourself.
When you make a mistake
Humans make mistakes, so don’t let this deter you from making the effort. It’s important that when you do make a mistake that you address your mistake as quickly as possible and then move on with the conversation.
The conversation may go something like this:
“Ashley came to me in my office the other day to ask about how we can organize a cake sale for Wear It Purple Day next year. He was hoping…. Sorry, they were hoping to get a group of students involved and raise money for LGBTI Mental health”.
Additionally, if you hear someone else make this mistake and not correct themselves, quickly and politely correct them, and move on “Sorry, Ashley uses they/them/their pronouns” or simply, “They, not he”. This is a big part of being an LGBTI+ ally!
If you are really finding new pronouns tricky, you can replace the pronoun with the person’s name. But it is very important to keep trying and to know that sometimes trying to get pronouns right is better than not using them at all.
“But isn’t using they/them/theirs grammatically incorrect?”
No. Usage of ‘singular they’ dates back to as early as the 16th Century- even Shakespeare used it! We often already use singular gender neutral pronouns for people when we do not know their gender. In fact, you might actually find that you do it without thinking:
“Someone left their jumper behind today, I hope they come back for it”,
“I love it when a teacher introduces themself with their pronouns”
“What if they change their mind?”
Thankfully pronouns are not set in stone. Understanding one’s own gender can be tricky at times and may take time. Some people may go through a period of using a new set of pronouns but later find it still doesn’t fit quite right for them and try something else and that is ok. Remember, being a good ally is all about respecting the individual as the expert of their own gender and pronouns.
“I can’t keep up, it’s always changing, and I have better things to worry about”
If you model this behavior in your personal and work life, you are likely to contribute to an inclusive culture for everyone, and gain trust and respect from the individuals whose pronouns you are using. You also help to ensure that all people have access to an equitable society/education/workplace where they feel respected and valued.
One WA school student put it this way:
“If you can learn and teach a changing curriculum every year, you can learn and use my pronouns”
This content was taken from a resource created by Inclusive Education WA. To learn more about Inclusive Education WA and to access the resource (and many more), click here