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Safer Sex and Contraception


If you are going to have sex and do not want to get pregnant, you need to use a contraceptive. Condoms are the only contraceptives that protect you against both pregnancy and STIs.

The Pill, Spermacide, NuvaRing, Implanon, Depo-Provera injection and IUDs are all used to prevent pregnancy, but do not protect you from contracting sexually transmissible infections (STIs) or blood borne viruses (BBVs).

It is recommended that you use a condom as well as one of the contraceptive methods mentioned above, to provide you with protection against unplanned pregnancy and STIs. Click here to find out how to use a condom correctlyFor more information, contact your GP or a sexual health clinicIf you are going to have sex - or are having sex already, but do not want to get pregnant, you must use a contraceptive.

Contraception is all about choice.

There are lots of different methods of contraception available in Western Australia. So you should be able to find a method that suits you.

The type of contraception you choose depends on your personal circumstances – your age, your life, whether or not you have children, whether you have multiple partners, your health and the need to avoid unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Your choice should also take into account that only condoms offer protection against BOTH unplanned pregnancy and STIsIt is a good idea to use a form of contraception to prevent unplanned pregnancy, as well as condoms to prevent STIs.

The forms of contraception available in WA are:

Once you have thought about what form of contraception you would prefer, visit your GP or a sexual health clinic to discuss your preference. Remember, your preferred method may not be the best option for you – your Doctor will help you figure this out.

These will NOT work as contraceptives:

  • Withdrawal (pulling out)
  • Standing up while you have sex
  • Having sex in water
  • Putting things into the vagina after having sex, such as rinsing with water, coke or aspirins
  • Taking a hot bath after sex
  • Using plastic film (Gladwrap) instead of a condom


  • You CAN get pregnant the first time you have sex.
  • You do NOT have to have an orgasm (aka climax, come) to get pregnant.
  • Every female who has sex should have a Pap Smear every two years to make sure her cervix is healthy.
  • If there is any risk of HIV or STIs – use a condom as well as contraception to prevent pregnancy.


For more information about contraception visit:

Get the Facts – types of contraception

SHQ – contraception Infosheets

Dr Marie – contraception


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To minimise the impact and further transmission of HIV, other blood borne viruses and sexually transmissible infections. To reduce social, legal and policy barriers which prevent access to health information and effective support and prevention services.